The Corbett Hideaway, Corbett National Park

Corbett National Park, India's first National Park is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful wildlife and nature park in India. The Park was established in August 8, 1936, and named after the Governor of the United Provinces, Sir Malcolm Hailey, as Hailey National Park. In 1952, the Park's name was changed to Ramganga National Park. In 1957, the Park was renamed yet again, this time after Jim Corbett, the famed hunter-author-photographer-naturalist. Corbett National Park is also the venue from where Project Tiger was launched on April 1, 1973.

The Park is situated in the Himalayan foothills, amidst forested mountains that range from 400m (1,312ft) to 1,210m (3,970ft) in altitude. Through most of the Park flows the Ramganga River, on the banks of which lived a community in ancient times. It is believed that these people cleared away a tiny part of the forest, and made the area their home. Evidence in the form of terracotta figurines and ruined temples further corroborate the fact that the Ramganga valley was the home of an ancient civilization.

Total Area - 1288.32 sq. km
Corbett National Park: 520.82 sq. km
Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary 301.18 sq. km
Reserve Forest: 466.32 sq. km
Altitude:400 mt. - 1200 mt.

Main flora

Sal, khair, ber, kuthber, bel, chbilla, dhak, semal, khingan, kharpat, rohini, bakli, pula, bamboo.

Main fauna

Tiger, leopard, elephant, spotted deer, sambar, nilgai, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, wild boar, ghural, langur and rhesus monkey.

Peacock, pheasant, pigeon, owl, hornbill, barbet, lark, myna, magpie, minivet, patridge, thrush, tit, nuthatch, wagtail, sunbird, bunting, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, eagle, stork, cormorant, falcon, bulbul, flycatcher, red start and gull.

Indian marsh crocodile or mugger, gharial, king cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard.

Till 1820 - Private property of local rulers before being taken over by the British Raj.
1820 - Ownership passed into British hands.
1820 to 1850 - Forests mercilessly felled for timber by British rulers.
1858 - Plan drawn up for protecting the forests.
1879 - Declared as reserved forests.
1884 - Jim Corbett shoots his first leopard at the age of eight and gets addicted to hunting.
1900 to 1910 - Jim Corbett leads shikar parties and kills two man-eaters.
1910 - Jim Corbett gives up killing as mere sport and becomes the savior of the villagers, defending them from man-eaters.
1934 - The Park is declared a National Park and Corbett helps define the boundaries.
1935 to 1936 - It was set up as the first authentic National Park under United Provinces National Parks Act. It was named the Hailey National Park, after Sir Malcom Hailey, the Governor of United Provinces.
1954 - With independence it was renamed as the Ramganga National Park.
19 April 1955 - Jim Corbett died in Nyeri, Kenya.
1957 - After the death of Jim Corbett, the park is renamed in honour of his memory.
1 April 1973 - The Park becomes the Frst Tiger Reserve of India under Project Tiger.
1 Feb. 1974 - Inauguration of Tiger Project.
1986 - Corbett National park celebrates its Golden Jubilee.
1996 - Celebrated Diamond Jubilee of its existence as Corbett national park.
1998 - Silver Jubilee year of Project Tiger.
9 Nov. 2000 - Became part of Uttarakhand and now Uttarakhand state.

Do's and Don'ts in the Corbett National Park
1. Walking or trekking inside the National Park is strictly prohibited.
2. Avoid perfumes and bright clothes, wear clothes of colour which merge with the natural surroundings.
3. Carry a litter bag while entering the Tiger Reserve and bring back non-biodegradable litter.
4. Do not make noises/talk loudly inside the forest.
5. Do not smoke in the forest.
6. Do not collect plants or pluck flowers.
7. While taking photographs or shooting videos, do not disturb the wild animals. ( For eg. Use of flash guns)
8. Shouting, teasing or chasing animals or attempts to feed them are prohibited.
9. Respect local traditions, customs and religions.

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